The quantitative impact of armed conflict on education in the Nigeria: counting the human and financ

Amir Jones

Ruth Naylor

Commissioned by PEIC, this research sheds fresh light on the numbers of children affected by conflict and estimates the impact of conflict and insecurity on education in terms of direct and indirect costs.

This case study accompanies the report The quantitative impact of armed conflict on education: counting the human and financial costs commissioned by Protecting Education in Insecurity and Conflict, part of the Education Above All Foundation. It is one of three country case studies conducted for this research. The other case study countries are the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Pakistan.

That report outlines how conflict affects education, noting ten main channels through which conflict can impact on access to education and learning:

  • School closure due to targeted attacks, collateral damage and military use of school buildings
  • Death and injury to teachers and students
  • Fear of sending children to school, and teachers’ fear of attending due to targeted attacks, threats of attacks or general insecurity reducing freedom of movement
  • Recruitment of teachers and students by armed forces (state and non-state)
  • Forced population displacement leading to interrupted education
  • Public health impacts of conflict which reduce access and learning
  • Increased demand for household labour
  • Reduction in returns to education
  • Reduced educational expenditure (public and private) due to overall reduction in resources
  • and shifting priorities
  • Reduced public capacity to deliver education